Concussions are caused by trauma to the head that disrupts normal brain functioning, such as short term memory and information processing speed. Common symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, balance problems, visual problems, fatigue, sensitivity to light or noise, confusion, difficulty remembering recent events or conversations, and drowsiness.
Drexel Sports Medicine provides patients who have suffered a head injury with a detailed screening and assessment—including computerized neuropsychological testing—to make an accurate diagnosis. Treatment and follow-up include rest, limiting mental and physical exertion, and more extensive neuropsychological testing or neuroradiologic studies as necessary. Recovery time varies from person to person and can take days, weeks, or months. Often children and adolescents require more time to recover than adult athletes.